Firstly in order to answer this question we must have a clear view as to what constitutes utilitarianism conceptually: ‘The term ‘utilitarianism’ stems from the idea of utility, meaning social utility or welfare, or ‘good of society.’ The ‘social utility’ that utilitarianism is referring to is the optimisation of pleasure over pain for everyone.’ Utilitarianism is a branch of consequentialist normative ethics whereby the ‘rightness’ … Continue reading Why is the Rioting Mob case described by Smart supposed to present a problem for the utilitarian?
This question concerns the differences between the primary and secondary qualities of objects and how these differences relate to the idea of objectivity. According to Locke, mass is deemed to be a primary quality whilst colour is considered a secondary quality. Locke defines primary qualities as independent and necessary for existence; whereas secondary qualities are subjective. However, Berkeley defines primary and secondary qualities as interlinked … Continue reading “Unlike mass, colour is not objective.” The views of Locke and Berkeley.
As we proceed further towards our ultimate reconnection with source, an ancient consciousness is arising once again to lead our planet back to a state of harmony and peace. This is through the energetic field of each individualised being who is willing to take the necessary steps towards their own purification, and grasp the personal integrity that lies just outside of shedding one’s own disharmonic … Continue reading Breaking free from illusion
The problem of finding a definition for what constitutes a piece of art is an ancient one dating back thousands of years. Many ideas for a defining set of necessary and sufficient conditions have come and gone with none being able to encapsulate the common essence any one piece of artwork shares with another in its many forms. However no piece of work really exemplifies … Continue reading What is Art